Questions and Answers

A Catechism

Q1: What is the chief end of man?

A1. Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him for ever.

1 Corinthians 10:31

So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.


Psalm 16:11

You make known to me the path of life; 

in your presence there is fullness of joy; 

at your right hand are pleasures forevermore. 


Psalm 37:4

Delight yourself in the LORD, 

and he will give you the desires of your heart. 


Psalm 73:25-26; Isaiah 43:7

Q32: What is justification?

A32. Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins, and accepts us as righteous in his sight only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.

Romans 3:23–24

for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,


Ephesians 1:7

In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,


2 Corinthians 5:21

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. 


Romans 5:19; Galatians 2:16a; Philippians 3:8–9

Q33: What is adoption?

A33. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.

1 John 3:1

See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are.


John 1:12–13

But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.


Romans 8:14–17

Q34: What is sanctification?

A34. Sanctification is the work of God’s Spirit, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die to sin, and live to righteousness.

2 Thessalonians 2:13

But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.

Q35: What benefits in this life accompany and flow from justification, adoption and sanctification?

A35. The benefits are assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit, increase of grace, perseverance in it to the end.

Romans 5:1–2, 5

Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. … and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us. 


Romans 14:17; Proverbs 4:18; 1 John 5:13